Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. Romanians represent a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, domestic service, hotels, and manufacturing, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. Romanian women and children are victims of sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. Romani children are particularly vulnerable to forced begging and forced criminality. Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including sex trafficking victims from Moldova and Poland and labor trafficking victims from Bangladesh, China, the Philippines, and Serbia. Romanians living in privately run institutions for the mentally disabled were vulnerable to forced labor. Government officials have been convicted of human trafficking crimes, and there have been reports of local officials obstructing trafficking investigations.
The Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. The organized crime directorate led the government’s strong law enforcement efforts, but police and judges lacked training on working with trafficking cases and victims, which had detrimental effects on compensation for victims and sentencing for perpetrators. The government’s protection efforts remained inadequate, particularly in victim assistance. The government and NGOs identified a large number of victims, but assisted only 37 percent, leaving most victims without services and vulnerable to re-trafficking. The government did not provide funding to NGOs offering victim assistance, although the national anti-trafficking commission began to develop mechanisms to provide grants to NGOs. Victims had difficulty obtaining medical services, psychological counseling, and identity protection during criminal trials. Official complicity was not adequately addressed.
România este ţară de origine, tranzit şi destinaţie pentru bărbaţi, femei şi copii traficaţi în scopul muncii, precum şi pentru femei şi copii traficaţi în scopul exploatării sexuale. Un număr semnificativ de victime traficate în Europa provin din România. Bărbaţi, femei şi copii din România sunt traficaţi către ţări europene, inclusiv Austria, Azerbaidjan, Cipru, Danemarca, Elveţia, Franţa, Germania, Grecia, Irlanda, Italia, Lituania, Olanda, Norvegia, Polonia, Regatul Unit, al Marii Britanii şi al Irlandei de Nord, Republica Cehă, Slovacia, Slovenia, Spania şi Suedia, în scopuri de muncă forţată în agricultură, construcţii, gospodării, hoteluri şi industrie, precum şi pentru cerşetorie forţată şi furt. Femei şi copii din România sunt traficaţi către ţări europene, inclusiv Belgia, Croaţia, Cipru, Elveţia, Finlanda, Franţa, Germania, Grecia, Irlanda, Malta, Norvegia, Olanda, Portugalia, Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii şi al Irlandei, Slovenia, Spania, Suedia şi Ungaria, precum şi Canada, în scopuri de prostituţie forţată. Minorele reprezintă aproximativ o treime dintre victimele traficului de persoane din România. Victimele traficate pentru cerşetorie forţată sunt in marea majoritate de etnie roma. Două treimi dintre victimele din România au fost racolate de către cunoscuţi în 2013, înregistrându-se o scădere a numărului de victime racolate prin agenţii de plasare a forţei de muncă sau oferte de muncă. România este ţară de destinaţie pentru un număr mic de străini din Moldova şi Polonia, traficaţi inclusiv în scopul exploatării sexuale, dar şi din Bangladesh şi Serbia, traficaţi pentru muncă forţată.
The purpose of this study is to contribute to the identification and understanding of what it means to be ‘taking into account the gender perspective, to strengthen the prevention of this crime and protection of the victims thereof’, as required in Article 1 of European Union (EU Directive 2011/36/EU on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and Protecting its Victims in the context of the EU Strategy (COM(2012) 286 final) Towards the eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings.
The European Commission reported on progress in the fight against trafficking in human beings. The report presents trends and challenges in addressing trafficking in human beings, examines progress made and highlights key challenges that the EU and its Member States need to address as a priority.
It has been published the call for proposals 2011-2012 for the co-financing (up to 80% of the total amount) of transnational projects ( involving at least two institutions from two EU Member States) focused on prevention and fight against violence towards women and children. The call is divided into 7 priority axis for presenting project proposals. The total amount for financing is about 25.000.000 euros.
The dead line for submitting the projects is on the 29th of March 2012 at 12.00 a.m.